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On the morning of September 11, 1973, President Salvador Allende was violently ousted by Chile's armed forces, led by General Augusto Pinochet. Then US President Richard Nixon’s order to the CIA to "make the economy scream" in Chile to "prevent Allende from coming to power or to unseat him," culminated in the violent overthrow of the democratically-elected Popular Unity government of Salvador Allende changed country’s Allende’s "democratic way to socialism" was crushed in a bloody coup that led to a 15 years, reign of terror. Thousands of innocent people were kidnapped, tortured and killed.

In what many now see as a pattern currently being repeated in Latin and South America the CIA
  • "At the direction of the White House and interagency policy coordination committees, undertook the covert activities described below. There were sustained propaganda efforts, including financial support for major news media, against Allende and other Marxists. Political action projects supported selected parties before and after the 1964 elections and after Allende's 1970 election.

  • In April 1962, the "5412 Panel Special Group"-a sub-cabinet body charged with reviewing proposed covert actions-approved a proposal to carry out a program of covert financial assistance to the Christian Democratic Party (PDC) to support the 1964 Presidential candidacy of Eduardo Frei.

  • Also in 1962, the CIA began supporting a civic action group that undertook various propaganda activities, including distributing posters and leaflets.

  • In December 1963, the 5412 Group agreed to provide a one-time payment to the Democratic Front, a coalition of three moderate to conservative parties, in support of the Front's Presidential campaign.

  • In April 1964, the 5412 Group approved a propaganda and political action program for the upcoming September 1964 Presidential election.

  • In May 1964, following the dissolution of the Democratic Front, the "303 Committee," successor to the 5412 Group, agreed to give the Radical Party additional covert assistance.

  • In February 1965, the 303 Committee approved a proposal to give covert assistance to selected candidates in upcoming Congressional elections.

  • In 1967, the CIA set up a propaganda mechanism for making placements in radio and news media.

  • In July 1968, the 303 Committee approved a political action program to support individual moderate candidates running in the 1969 Congressional elections.

  • As a result of 1968 propaganda activities, in 1969 the "40 Committee" (successor to the 303 Committee) approved the establishment of a propaganda workshop.

  • In the runup to the 1970 Presidential elections, the 40 Committee directed CIA to carry out "spoiling operations" to prevent an Allende victory.

  • As part of a "Track I" strategy to block Allende from taking office after the 4 September election, CIA sought to influence a Congressional run-off vote required by the Constitution because Allende did not win an absolute majority.

  • As part of a "Track II" strategy, CIA was directed to seek to instigate a coup to prevent Allende from taking office (see discussion below).

  • While Allende was in office, the 40 Committee approved the redirection of "Track I" operations that-combined with a renewed effort to support the PDC in 1971 and a project to provide support to the National Party and Democratic Radical Party in 1972-funneled millions of dollars to strengthen opposition political parties. CIA also provided assistance to militant right-wing groups to undermine the President and create a tense environment.”

U.S. Representative Maurice Hinchey, who in 2000 sponsored the law requiring the report, from which this extract has been taken, noted at the time that.
"This very sordid chapter in American history needs to be held up to the bright light so that everyone can see what went on under orders from the president of the United States, the secretary of state and the attorney general" .

Seems no one was
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